Islam is the religion of peace and love
And We have sent you to all the men as nothing but a bearer of good news and as a warner, but most men do not know. (Saba 34:28)Indeed, the Prophet is a prophet of compassion sent not just for humankind, but for all realms of existence.And We have sent you but as a mercy to the worlds. (Anbiya 21:107)
And surely We have honored the children of Adam. (Isra 17:70)
Usama! Do not betray, inflict injustice, plunder, or defile the bodies; do not kill children, the elderly, or women, do not cut down the date orchards or burn them. Do not cut down trees that bear fruit. Do not kill sheep, cattle, or camels unless it is for food. You may come across people who have retreated into monasteries on your way; do not touch them or interfere with their worship…
The protectorate of God and the guardianship of Muhammad are lawful rights unto the people of Najran, those who are ready among them and those who are not, their families (and their affiliates), concerning their possessions, lives, religious lives and practices, and all the things that belong to them. No bishop will be sent outside his region of service, no priest will be sent out of his parish, no monk will be taken out of the monastery where he lives and sent elsewhere …they will not be allowed to oppress others, nor will they themselves be oppressed. None among them will be held responsible for any crime and injustice committed by another. (Hamidullah 2003, 1/622)
“They were promised safe keeping, why did you do such a thing?”
Gharafa explained: “I didn’t think this promise meant that they could curse the Messenger of God. As far as I know they were promised safe-keeping for the following:
1) That we would not interfere with their churches, that they would be able to worship there as they liked,
2) That we would not put them under any obligation that they could not fulfill,
3) That we would fight on their side if an enemy attacked them,
4) That they could resolve their own disputes as they wished,
5) That we would pass judgments according to the orders of God and His Prophet’s orders only for those who wanted to be bound by our laws, and we would not force our judgments on those who did not want to be bound by our laws.”Then ‘Amr ibn al-‘As said to him: “You are right” (Ibn ‘Abdul-barr 3/193-194).
Whoever slanders a non-Muslim with adultery, their retribution will be lashes of fire on Judgment Day.
And if you judge, judge between them with equity; surely God loves those who judge equitably. (Ma’ida 5:42)
Therefore do remind, for you are only a reminder. You are not a watcher over them. (Taghabun 88:22)
There is no compulsion in religion; truly the right way has become clearly differentiated from the erroneous one. (Baqara 2:256)
Go both to Pharaoh, surely he has transgressed. Speak to him gently perchance he may mind or fear. (Ta-Ha 20:43-44)In one of the verses that determines what the relationship with people of the Book should be, the Koran states:And do not dispute with the followers of the Book except by what is best, except those of them who act unjustly, and say: We believe in that which has been revealed to us and revealed to you, and our God and your God are One, and to Him do we submit. (Ankabut 29:46)O followers of the Book! come to a common word between us and you that we shall not worship anyone but God and (that) we shall not speculate partners with Him, and (that) some of us shall not take others for lords besides God (Al Imran 3:64)
Call to the way of your Lord with wisdom and goodly exhortation, and have disputations with them in the best manner (Nahl 16:125)
- Belazuri. Futuh al-Buldan, Beirut: 1987
- Canan, Ibrahim. Peygamberimizin Teblig Metodlari [The Prophet’s Methods in Communicating Islam], Istanbul: 1988.
- An-Nabhani, Yusuf. Al-Futh al-Kabir.
- Hamidullah, Muhammad. İslam Peygamberi, Ankara: Yeni Şafak, 2003, Vol. 1, p. 622. Translated by Salih Tuğ. Originally published as Muhammad Rasulullah, Paris: Centre Culturel Islamique.
- Ibn Abdulbarr, al-Istiab.
- Ibn Athir, Al-Kamil Fittarikh.
- Özdemir, Mehmet. Endülüs Müslümanlari [The Muslims of Andalusia], Ankara: 1994.
- Toynbee, Arnold. Tarihci Acisindan Din, Istanbul: Kayıhan, 1978. Originally published as An Historian’s Approach to Religion, London: Oxford, 1956.
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- Waqidi, Maghazi, Oxford: 1966.